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The Physical Examination

The most important and necessary need to effectively prevent, diagnose and treat your pet is a physical examination.

A physical examination involves the eyes, ears, nose, skin, oral cavity, chest (heart and lungs), abdomen (abdominal organs)reproductive systems, urinary systems, rectum/anus, musculoskeletal/extremities (limbs, paws), neurological system ,body condition and ideal weight, comfort level and overall well-being.

It is not always possible to diagnose a problem with a physical examination alone.

It is sometimes necessary to use some of the following diagnostic tools to properly diagnose and treat a problem effectively:

  • Blood-work
  • urine and fecal testing
  • imaging (x-rays and ultrasound)
  • specimen analysis (cultures, fine needle aspirations)
  • biopsy and endoscopy

Just to name a few!

We will take the time to educate you on the needs of your individual pet. We will provide a plan for resolution or monitoring based on your pet’s individual needs.


In addition to an annual exam, your pet needs to be examined if you notice:

  • Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
  • Excessive drinking and/or urination
  • Lethargy or other changes in activity level
  • Behaviour changes
  • Diarrhea or vomiting
  • Skin lumps, bumps, or irritations
  • Dry, thin, or otherwise poor haircoat
  • Bad breath, plaque on teeth, or bleeding gums
  • Ear odours, residue in ears, or redness
  • Irritated or weeping eyes
  • Lameness in a leg or pain in any area of the body