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Diagnostics

 

Your veterinarian may recommend certain diagnostics to accurately diagnose and effectively treat acute and chronic health conditions. The following are a list of the most common diagnostic procedures that could be recommended for your pet.

Common Diagnostics Tools

Blood-work

A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein using a needle. Blood tests are used to determine physiological and biochemical states, such as disease, mineral content, drug effectiveness, and organ function.

Urinalysis

Urinalysis is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine. It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine.

Cytology

The study of cells in terms of structure, function and chemistry

Histopathology

The study of cells in terms of structure, function and chemistry

Culture and Sensitivity

Laboratory tests to find out what kind of organisms are causing an infection and if they are sensitive or resistant to the most commonly used antibiotics.

Blood Pressure

Blood is carried from the heart to all parts of your body in vessels called arteries. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries.

Fluorescein Eye Stain

This is a test that uses orange dye (fluorescein) and a blue light to detect foreign bodies in the eye. This test can also detect damage to the cornea, the outer surface of the eye.

Tonometry Test

A tonometry test measures the pressure inside your eye, which is called intraocular pressure (IOP). This test is used to check for glaucoma.

Schirmer Tear Stain

This test measures the tear production

Digital Radiology

A digital image capture device is used to record the X-ray image and make it available as a digital file that can be interpreted by the veterinarian. Structures that are dense (such as bone) will block most of the x-ray particles, and will appear white. Metal and contrast media (special dye used to highlight areas of the body) will also appear white. Structures containing air will be black, and muscle, fat, and fluid will appear as shades of gray.

Ultrasound

Used to visualize muscles, tendons, and many internal organs, to capture their size, structure and any abnormalities with real time images

Echocardiogram

Ultrasound of the heart

Electrocardiogram

The electrical activity of the heart over time captured and externally recorded by skin electrodes

 

Endoscopy

This examination is performed using an endoscope-a flexible fiber-optic tube with a tiny TV camera at the end. The camera is connected to either an eyepiece for direct viewing The endoscope allows diagnosis of gastrointestinal(GI), respiratory and urinary diseases.

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

Type of diagnostic imaging that uses electromagnetic imaging and allows evaluation of tissues and fluid in addition to bone. This imaging provides two dimensional cuts through the body part being studied which allows the veterinarian to develop a three dimensional sense of the anatomy of that part. It is often used to study the brain and spine as well as joints. (off site)

If you have any questions regarding the diagnostics recommended for your pet please contact our veterinary team.