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It is very common for pet owners to be concerned when your pet is scheduled to undergo any surgical procedure. The most common concern is the risk(s) associated with general anesthesia. We understand your concern. Often the anesethic risks are greater than the procedure itself.

With the advancement of veterinary medicine anesthetics are very predictable and safe when used properly. Injectable anesthetic agents have specific reversal agents and inhalant (gas) anesthetics are reversed by ventilation as your pet breathes.


Diagnostic testing of organ function is done to confirm your pet can be safely anesthetized. These diagnostic tests may include blood work and urine as well as X-rays and an ECG in some patients.

Every patient will have a specific anesthetic protocol according to age and medical condition as well as the procedure for which the anethesia is required.

Types of Anesthesia


  • Given sub cutaneously , intra muscularly or intravenously to provide pain relief and a calming effect when sufficient to accomplish a procedure or prior to administration of an induction anesethic

Short Acting or Induction

  • Administered intravenously is very fast acting and allows intubation prior to inhalant anesethesia
  • short acting anesethic (sufficient for procedure lasting 10 minutes) but must be metabolized by the kidneys and liver therefore all patients should receive intravenous fluids to help these organs metabolize the anesethic and recover more quickly


  • Longer procedures require general inhalant (gas) anesthesia.
  • The gas is breathed in through a tube placed in the windpipe attached to an anesthetic machine which mixes the vaporized anesthetic with oxygen.
  • The degree of anesthesia (light, medium, heavy) is controlled by the percent of gas mixture.
  • General anesthesia is delivered through the lungs and not intravenously.
  • After the procedure is finished your dog or cat simply breathes off the medication and recovers quickly.

Our Anesethic Protocol

  • A complete physical exam is performed and a anesethic regime is determined by the veterinarian
  • An intravenous catheter is placed and intravenous fluids will be administered prior to, during and post anesthesia to maintain blood pressure and provide immediate i.v. access for administration of medications should your pet have an adverse reaction to anesthesia
  • A pre anesethic injection is given to calm and relax the patient
  • The patient’s heart rate and respiration rate and taken prior to administration of induction anesethic
  • A induction anesethic is given allowing the placement of an endotracheal tube
  • The patient is then connected via the tube to the inhalant anesethic machine.
  • The patient will be placed on a warm water circulating blanket to keep the patient warm
  • The patient is monitored by a machine that measures constant heart rate and rhythm, respiration rate( ECG), blood pressure, temperature as well as pulse oximeters which measure oxygen saturation. The machine is equipped with alarms should sudden changes in the patient’s condition be detected
  • The patient is monitored by a qualified veterinary technician as well as the veterinarian who will manually monitor your pets condition and regularly chart and record changes in the patients vital signs
  • Your pet will receive pre operative, peri operative and post operation analgesia (pain relief) A pain management plan for each patient is vital to anesthesia and patient recovery.

Anesthesia and anesethic safety is of utmost importance for every pet.

If you have concerns about anesthesia we will be happy to answer any questions or concerns you may have.